Your doctor will advise you on how to prevent chickenpox

Since the beginning of the year, Department of Infectious Diseases – National Hospital of Paediatrics has received and treated more than 40 cases of complications of chickenpox.

Chicken pox is a contagious disease, caused by a virus and usually bursts into a spring break. Although benign disease, but it is possible to complicate the sepsis leading to death. To understand more about this disease, Dr. Nguyen Van Lam – Head of infectious diseases, National Hospital of Paediatrics will share to parents what to know about chickenpox:

Viruses that infect chicken pox are mainly through the respiratory tract (or air), which is easy for people to get sick if they breathe droplets when a chickenpox coughs, sneezes or sneezes. In addition, when exposed to chicken pox, the disease can be transmitted from the water ball when it is broken, spreading from the affected skin or ulcer from the infected person. In particular, unfortunate pregnant women will be very contagious to the fetus through the placenta.

Symptoms of chickenpox

At the onset, the patient may have fever, headache, muscle aches, some cases children may have no warning signs.

When you have chicken pox, the body will appear “nod”. These are small rounds that appear quickly within 12 to 24 hours, which will evolve into watery blisters. The nodule can grow throughout the body or scattered throughout the body, with an average of about 100 to 500 nodules. In normal cases, these blisters dry out, become scaly and disappear completely for 4 to 5 days.

In children, chicken pox usually lasts about 5 to 10 days resulting in absences or school breaks.

Complications of chicken pox

Normally, chicken pox is benign. But the disease can also cause dangerous complications such as meningitis, haemorrhage, septicemia, nodular infections, cellulitis, hepatitis … Some cases can be fatal if the patient is not. timely treatment.

Chickenpox pneumonia is less common, but very severe and difficult to treat.

Chickenpox encephalitis also occurs, not rare: after chickenpox, the child suddenly becomes embarrassed, irritable, sometimes accompanied by convulsions, coma. These cases can cause long-term neurological deficits: deafness, delayed development, epilepsy etc.Mothers with chickenpox during pregnancy may produce birth defects later.

Caring for someone who has chickenpox

As a respiratory infection and direct contact with a nasal discharge, when children have chickenpox, the first step is to keep the baby at home until it is gone. Add vitamin C, nose drops twice a day for children. Wear soft clothing, sweat absorption and special attention to ensure the child’s skin hygiene to avoid complications.

Keep your hands clean. When you need to contact people with chickenpox, wear a mask. After contact, wash hands immediately with soap. Especially pregnant women should absolutely avoid contact with patients.

Note: Avoid breaking up the chicken pox because it can cause secondary infections and can form long-lasting scars. Located in a separate room, ventilated, with sunlight, the isolation period is approximately 7 to 10 days from the onset of the disease (rash) until the scales are completely scaly.

Use personal items: face towels, cups, bowls, bowls, chopsticks. Nasopharyngeal cleaning with a saline solution 0.9%. Change clothes and wash daily with warm, clean water. Wear loose, lightweight clothing.

For children: It is a good idea to trim the nails of your baby, keep the baby’s nails clean, or use hand-woven gauntlets to protect the baby’s skin from secondary to secondary skin infections that scratches the baby’s skin.

Eat soft, liquid, easy to digest foods, drink plenty of water, especially fruit juice. Use Milian Green solution (Methylene blue) to point to the broken water.

In case of high fever, the usual antipyretic analgesic drugs may be used, but under the guidance of the physician, antibiotics may be used in case of infected nodules: papules with pus, redness of the surrounding skin. If the patient feels: Uncomfortable, lethargic, tired, convulsive, coma or haemorrhage on the nodule should lead immediately to the medical facility for follow-up and treatment.

Prevention of chickenpox

Although the disease can spread rapidly in the community, currently there is a proactive approach to preventing chickenpox, which is vaccination with vaccines. For children 12 months to 12 years of age, one dose and the second dose should be given at the first dose of 6 weeks onwards or in the range of 4-6 years to increase the effectiveness of the disease and reduce the incidence of chickenpox. Back to the previous vaccination. For children over 13, young adults and adults, 2 doses best separated after 6 weeks.

You Might Also Like